Learning outcomes:

Presents the view of small communities and what they can offer to current developments in terms of energy as well as the perspective of rural bioenergy producers

  • Opens the debate on the linkages between energy and the environment in specifically the Northern European context. However, some groups are attempting to incorporate concern for the environment with business and innovation.

The environment covers so many different aspects of life from health and recreation to business and commerce that that there are always competing interests involved an any legislation over the environment.

  • Many individuals and organizations are involved as stakeholders in the process of making and implementing environmental policy


Course Contents:

  • Energy policy may include legislation, international treaties, subsidies and incentives to investment, guidelines for energy conservation, taxation, and other public policy techniques.
  • The United States had resisted endorsing the Kyoto Protocol, preferring to let the market drive CO2 reductions to mitigate global warming, which will require CO2 emission taxation.
  • Aggressive energy policy reform, including the need for a reduction of CO2 emissions with a cap and trade program, which could help encourage more clean renewable, sustainable energy development.
  • . The energy is used for transport, industry, and domestic use. The remaining portion comes primarily from hydroelectric and nuclear stations.
  • Renewable energy in the Europe  .
  • Cap-and-trade is a market-based approach used to control pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants.
  • Environmental policy is between environmental and business interests